Gordon J. Fishell, Ph.D.

Julius Raynes Professor of Neuroscience, Associate Director of the NYU Neuroscience Institute

Gordon Fishell

Contact Information


Education and Training


  • 1984: Diploma (B.Sc.) in Physiology & Biophysics, University of Toronto
  • 1989: Ph.D. in Neurobiology, University of Toronto-Neurobiology Research Group

Postdoctoral Training

  • 1990-1992: Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Pathology, Laboratory of Mary E. Hatten at Columbia University

Academic Appointments

  • 1989-1992: Research Developmental Neurobiologist, Columbia University
  • 1992-1994: Assistant Professor, Rockefeller University
  • 1994-1999: Assistant Professor, Developmental Genetics Program, Skirball Institute and Dept. of Cell Biology, NYU School of Medicine
  • 1999-2005: Associate Professor, Developmental Genetics Program, Skirball Institute and Dept. of Cell Biology, NYU School of Medicine
  • 2005: Professor, Developmental Genetics Program, Skirball Institute and Dept. of Cell Biology, NYU School of Medicine
  • 2006: Professor and Director of the Smilow Neuroscience Program, NYU School of Medicine
  • 2011: Associate Director of the NYU Neuroscience Institute


  • 1984: Member of the Society for Neuroscience

Editorial Boards

  • Highlight Editor, Nature Reviews (Neuroscience)
  • Associate Editor, Neurosignals
  • Faculty of 1000 (Neurodevelopment section)
  • Associate Editor, The Journal of Neuroscience
  • Associate Editor, Developmental Neuroscience
  • Associate Editor, Genes and Development

Major Research Interests

  • Molecular Genetics of Regional Patterning in the Mammalian Telencephalon
  • Molecular Control of Neural Stem Cell Proliferation and Specification


Original Reports

  • van der Kooy D, Fishell G. Neuronal birthdate underlies the development of striatal compartments. Brain Res. 1987 Jan 13;401(1):155-61.
  • Fishell G, van der Kooy D. Pattern formation in the striatum: developmental changes in the distribution of striatonigral neurons. J Neurosci. 1987 Jul;7(7):1969-78.
  • Takada M, Fishell G, Li ZK, van der Kooy D, Hattori T. The development of laterality in the forebrain projections of midline thalamic cell groups in the rat. Brain Res. 1987 Oct;432(2):275-82.
  • Fishell G, van der Kooy D. Pattern formation in the striatum: developmental changes in the distribution of striatonigral projections. Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 1989 Feb 1;45(2):239-55.
  • Fishell G, Rossant J, van der Kooy D. Neuronal lineages in chimeric mouse forebrain are segregated between compartments and in the rostrocaudal and radial planes. Dev Biol. 1990 Sep;141(1):70-83.
  • Fishell G, van der Kooy D. Pattern formation in the striatum: neurons with early projections to the substantia nigra survive the cell death period. J Comp Neurol. 1991 Oct 1;312(1):33-42.
  • Fishell G, Hatten ME. Astrotactin provides a receptor system for CNS neuronal migration. Development. 1991 Nov;113(3):755-65.
  • van der Kooy D, Fishell G. Embryonic lesions of the substantia nigra prevent the patchy expression of opiate receptors, but not the segregation of patch and matrix compartment neurons, in the developing rat striatum. Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 1992 Mar 20;66(1):141-5.
  • Krushel LA, Johnston JG, Fishell G, Tibshirani R, van der Kooy D. Spatially localized neuronal cell lineages in the developing mammalian forebrain. Neuroscience. 1993 Apr;53(4):1035-47.
  • Fishell G, Mason CA, Hatten ME. Dispersion of neural progenitors within the germinal zones of the forebrain. Nature. 1993 Apr 15;362(6421):636-8.
  • Fishell G. Striatal precursors adopt cortical identities in response to local cues. Development. 1995 Mar;121(3):803-12.
  • Krushel LA, Fishell G, van der Kooy D. Pattern formation in the mammalian forebrain: striatal patch and matrix neurons intermix prior to compartment formation. Eur J Neurosci. 1995 Jun 1;7(6):1210-9.
  • Chen J, Chang S, Duncan SA, Okano HJ, Fishell G, Aderem A. Disruption of the MacMARCKS gene prevents cranial neural tube closure and results in anencephaly. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Jun 25;93(13):6275-9.
  • Neyt C, Welch M, Langston A, Kohtz J, Fishell G. A short-range signal restricts cell movement between telencephalic proliferative zones. J Neurosci. 1997 Dec 1;17(23):9194-203.
  • Lim DA, Fishell G, Alvarez-Buylla A. Postnatal mouse subventricular zone neuronal precursors can migrate and differentiate within multiple levels of the developing neuraxis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Dec 23;94(26):14832-6.
  • Nothias F, Fishell G, Ruiz i Altaba A. Cooperation of intrinsic and extrinsic signals in the elaboration of regional identity in the posterior cerebral cortex. Curr Biol. 1998 Apr 9;8(8):459-62.
  • Na E, McCarthy M, Neyt C, Lai E, Fishell G. Telencephalic progenitors maintain anteroposterior identities cell autonomously. Curr. Biol. 1998 Aug 27;8(17):987-90.
  • Friedlander DR, Brittis PA, Sakurai T, Shif B, Wirchansky W, Fishell G, Grumet M. Generation of a radial-like glial cell line. J Neurobiol. 1998 Nov 5;37(2):291-304.
  • Kohtz JD, Baker DP, Corte G, Fishell G. Regionalization within the mammalian telencephalon is mediated by changes in responsiveness to Sonic Hedgehog. Development. 1998 Dec;125(24):5079-89.
  • Fishell G. BMPs: time to murder and create? Nat Neurosci. 1999 Apr;2(4):301-3.
  • Gaiano N, Kohtz JD, Turnbull DH, Fishell G. A method for rapid gain-of-function studies in the mouse embryonic nervous system. Nat Neurosci. 1999 Sep;2(9):812-9.
  • Gaiano N, Nye JS, Fishell G. Radial glial identity is promoted by Notch1 signaling in the murine forebrain. Neuron. 2000 May;26(2):395-404.
  • Corbin JG, Gaiano N, Machold RP, Langston A, Fishell G. The Gsh2 homeodomain gene controls multiple aspects of telencephalic development. Development. 2000 Dec;127(23):5007-20.
  • Nery S, Wichterle, H, Fishell G. Sonic hedgehog contributes to oligodendrocyte specification in the mammalian telencephalon. Development. 2001 Feb;128(4):527-40.
  • Chambers CB, Peng Y, Nguyen H, Gaiano N, Fishell G, Nye JS. Spatiotemporal selectivity of response to Notch1 signals in mammalian forebrain precursors. Development. 2001 Mar;128(5):689-702.
  • Hormigo A, McCarthy M, Nothias JM, Hasegawa K, Huang W, Friedlander DR, Fischer I, Fishell G, Grumet G. Radial glial cell line C6-R integrates preferentially in adult white matter and facilitates migration of coimplanted neurons in vivo. Exp Neurol. 2001 Apr;168(2):310-22.
  • McCarthy M, Na E, Neyt C, Langston A, Fishell G. Calcium independent adhesion is necessary for the maintenance of prosomeres. Dev Biol. 2001 May 1;233(1):80-94.
  • Lee JD, Kraus P, Gaiano N, Nery S, Kohtz J, Fishell G, Loomis CA, Treisman JE. An acylatable residue of Hedgehog is differentially required in Drosophila and mouse limb development. Dev Biol. 2001 May 1;233(1):122-36.
  • Kohtz JD, Lee HY, Gaiano N, Segal J, Ng E, Larson T, Baker DP, Garber EA, Williams KP, Fishell G. N-terminal fatty acylation of sonic hedgehog enhances the induction of rodent ventral forebrain neurons. Development. 2001 Jun;128(12):2351-63.
  • McCarthy M, Turnbull DH, Walsh CA, Fishell G. Telencephalic neural progenitors appear to be restricted to regional and glial fates before the onset of neurogenesis. J Neurosci. 2001 Sep 1;21(17):6772-81.
  • Wichterle H, Turnbull DH, Nery S, Fishell G, Alvarez-Buylla A. In utero fate mapping reveals distinct migratory pathways and fates of neurons born in the mammalian basal forebrain. Development. 2001 Oct;128(19):3759-71.
  • Rallu M, Machold R, Gaiano N, Corbin JG, Fishell G. Dorsoventral patterning is established in the telencephalon of mutants lacking both Gli3 and Hedgehog signaling. Development. 2002 Nov;129(21):4963-74.
  • Nery S , Fishell G, Corbin JG. The caudal ganglionic eminence is a novel source of distinct cortical and subcortical cell populations. Nat Neurosci. 2002 Dec;5(12):1279-87.
  • Corbin JG, Rutlin M, Gaiano N, Fishell G. Combinatorial function of the homeodomain proteins Nkx2.1 and Gsh2 in ventral telencephalic patterning. Development. 2003 Oct;130(20):4895-906. Epub 2003 Aug 20.
  • Nery S, Corbin JG, Fishell G. Dlx2 progenitor migration in wild type and Nkx2.1 mutant telencephalon. Cereb Cortex. 2003 Sep;13(9):895-903.
  • Machold R, Hayashi S, Rutlin M, Muzumdar MD, Nery S, Corbin JG, Gritli-Linde A, Dellovade T, Porter JA, Rubin LL, Dudek H, McMahon AP, Fishell G. Sonic hedgehog is required for progenitor cell maintenance in telencephalic stem cell niches. Neuron. 2003 Sep 11;39(6):937-50.
  • Hanashima C, Li SC, Shen L, Lai E, Fishell G. Foxg1 suppresses early cortical cell fate. Science. 2004 Jan 2; 303(5654):56-9.
  • Anthony TE, Klein C, Fishell G, Heintz N. Radial glia serve as neuronal progenitors in all regions of the central nervous system. Neuron. 2004 Mar 25;41(6):881-90.
  • Kohtz JD, Fishell G. Developmental regulation of EVF-1, a novel non-coding RNA transcribed upstream of the mouse Dlx6 gene. Gene Expr Patterns. 2004 Jul;4(4):407-12.
  • Fuccillo M, Rallu M, McMahon AP, Fishell G. Temporal requirement for hedgehog signaling in ventral telencephalic patterning. Development. 2004 Oct;131(20):5031-40. Epub 2004 Sep 15.
  • Yoon K, Nery S, Rutlin ML, Radtke F, Fishell G, Gaiano N. Fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling promotes radial glial identity and interacts with Notch1 signaling in telencephalic progenitors. J Neurosci. 2004 Oct 27;24(43):9497-506.
  • Anthony TE, Mason HA, Gridley T, Fishell G, Heintz N. Brain lipid-binding protein is a direct target of Notch signaling in radial glial cells. Genes Dev. 2005 May 1;19(9):1028-33.
  • Mason HA, Rakowiecki SM, Raftopoulou M, Nery S, Huang Y, Gridley T, Fishell G. Notch signaling coordinates the patterning of striatal compartments. Development. 2005 Oct;132(19):4247-58. Epub 2005 Aug 24.
  • Klein C, Butt SJ, Machold RP, Johnson JE, Fishell G. Cerebellum- and forebrain-derived stem cells possess intrinsic regional character. Development. 2005 Oct;132(20):4497-508. Epub 2005 Sep 14.
  • Machold R, Fishell G. Math1 is expressed in temporally discrete pools of cerebellar rhombic-lip neural progenitors. Neuron. 2005 Oct 6;48(1):17-24.
  • Butt SJ, Fuccillo M, Nery S, Noctor S, Kriegstein A, Corbin JG, Fishell G. The temporal and spatial origins of cortical interneurons predicts their physiological subtype. Neuron. 2005 Nov 23;48(4):591-604.
  • Mason HA, Rakowiecki SM, Gridley T, Fishell G. Loss of notch activity in the developing central nervous system leads to increased cell death. Dev Neurosci. 2006;28(1-2):49-57.
  • Hanashima C, Molnár Z, Fishell G. Building bridges to the cortex. Cell. 2006 Apr 7;125(1):24-7.
  • Fuccillo M, Rutlin M, Fishell G. Removal of Pax6 partially rescues the loss of ventral structures in Shh null mice. Cereb Cortex. 2006 Jul;16 Suppl 1:i96-102.
  • Au E, Fishell G. Adult cortical neurogenesis: nuanced, negligible or nonexistent? Nat Neurosci. 2006 Sep;9(9):1086-8.
  • Carney RS, Alfonso TB, Cohen D, Dai H, Nery S, Stoica B, Slotkin J, Bregman BS, Fishell G, Corbin JG. Cell migration along the lateral cortical stream to the developing basal telencephalic limbic system. J Neurosci. 2006 Nov 8;26(45):11562-74.
  • Machold RP, Kittell DJ, Fishell G. Antagonism between Notch and bone morphogenetic protein receptor signaling regulates neurogenesis in the cerebellar rhombic lip. Neural Dev. 2007 Feb 23;2:5.
  • Balordi F, Fishell G. Hedgehog signaling in the subventricular zone is required for both the maintenance of stem cells and the migration of newborn neurons. J Neurosci. 2007 May 30;27(22):5936-47.
  • Miyoshi G, Butt SJ, Takebayashi H, Fishell G. Physiologically distinct temporal cohorts of cortical interneurons arise from telencephalic Olig2-expressing precursors. J Neurosci. 2007 Jul 18;27(29):7786-98.
  • Hanashima C, Fernandes M, Hebert JM, Fishell G. The role of Foxg1 and dorsal midline signaling in the generation of Cajal-Retzius subtypes. J Neurosci. 2007 Oct 10;27(41):11103-11.
  • Balordi F, Fishell G. Mosaic removal of hedgehog signaling in the adult SVZ reveals that the residual wild-type stem cells have a limited capacity for self-renewal. J Neurosci. 2007 Dec 26;27(52):14248-59.
  • Luo L, Fishell G. Editorial overview. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2008 Feb; 18:1-3.
  • Batista-Brito R, Machold R, Klein C, Fishell G. Gene expression in cortical interneuron precursors is prescient of their mature function. Cereb Cortex. 2008 Oct;18(10):2306-17. Epub 2008 Feb 3.
  • Batista-Brito R, Close J, Machold R, Fishell G. The distinct temporal origins of olfactory bulb interneuron subtypes. J Neurosci. 2008 Apr 9;28(15):3966-75.
  • Gleiberman AS, Michurina R, Encinas JM, Roig JL, Krasnov P, Balordi F, Fishell G, Rosenfeld MG, Enikolopov G. Genetic approaches identity adult pituitary stem cells. Proc Natl Acad U S A. 2008 Apr 29;105(17):6332-7. Epub 2008 Apr 24.
  • Bartfai T, Insel T, Fishell G, Rothwell N. Choices in neuroscience careers. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2008 May;9(5):401-5.
  • Yang ZJ, Ellis T, Markant SL, Read TA, Kessler JD, Bourboulas M, Schüller U, Machold R, Fishell G, Rowitch DH, Wainwright BJ, Wechsler-Reya RJ. Medulloblastoma can be initiated by deletion of Patched in lineage-restricted progenitors or stem cells. Cancer Cell. 2008 Aug 12;14(2):135-45.
  • Butt SJ, Sousa VH, Fuccillo M, Hjerling-Leffler J, Miyoshi G, Kimura S, Fishell G. The requirement of Nkx2-1 in the temporal specification of cortical interneuron subtypes. Neuron. 2008 Sep 11;59(5):722-32.
  • Au E, Fishell G. Cortex shatters the glass ceiling. Cell Stem Cell. 2008 Nov 6;3(5):472-4.
  • Sousa VH, Miyoshi G, Hjerling-Leffler J, Karayannis T, Fishell G. Characterization of Nkx6-2-derived neocortical interneuron lineages. Cereb Cortex. 2009 Jul;19 Suppl 1:i1-10. Epub 2009 Apr 10.
  • Batista-Brito R, Rossignol E, Hjerling-Leffler J, Denaxa M, Wegner M, Lefebvre V, Pachnis V, Fishell G. The cell -intrinsic requirement of Sox6 for cortical interneuron development. Neuron. 2009 Aug 27;63(4):466-81
  • Cocas LA, Miyoshi G, Carney RS, Sousa VH, Hirata T, Jones KR, Fishell G, Huntsman MM, Corbin JG. Emx1-lineage progenitors differentially contribute to neural diversity in the striatum and amygdala. J Neurosci. 2009 Dec 16;29(50):15933-46.
  • Fishell G, Goldman JE. A silver lining to stroke: does ischemia generate new cortical interneurons? Nat Neurosci. 2010 Feb;13(2):145-6.
  • Miyoshi G, Hjerling-Leffler J, Karayannis T, Sousa VH, Butt SJ, Battiste J, Johnson JE, Machold RP, Fishell G. Genetic fate mapping reveals that the caudal ganglionic eminence produces a large and diverse population of superficial cortical interneurons. J Neurosci. 2010 Feb 3;30(5):1582-94.
  • Tricoire L, Pelkey KA, Daw MI, Miyoshi G, Sousa VH, Miyoshi G, Jefferies B, Caulli B, Fishell G, McBain CJ. Common origins of hippocampal Ivy and nitric oxide synthase expressing neurogliaform cells. J Neurosci. 2010 Feb 10;30(6):2165-76.
  • Karayannis T, Fishell G. Previews. Inhibition as a transplant-mediated therapy: a new paradigm for treating Parkinson’s? Cell Stem Cell. 2010 Mar 5;6(3):184-5.
  • Carney RS, Mangin JM, Hayes L, Mansfield K, Sousa VH, Fishell G, Machold RP, Ahn S, Gallo V, Corbin JG. Sonic hedgehog expressing and responding cells generate neuronal diversity in the medial amygdala. Neural Dev. 2010 May 27;5:14.
  • Miyoshi G, Fishell G. GABAergic interneuron lineages selectively sort into specific cortical layers during early postnatal development. Cereb Cortex. 2011 Apr;21(4):845-52. Epub 2010 Aug 23.
  • Machold RP, Fishell G. Math1: waiting to inhale. Neuron. 2010 Nov 12;64(3):293-5.
  • Lee S, Hjerling-Leffler J, Zagha E, Fishell G, Rudy B. The largest group of superficial neocortical GABAergic interneurons expresses ionotropic serotonin receptors. J Neurosci. 2010 Dec 15;30(50):16796-808.
  • McBain CJ, Fishell G. Introduction to the special issue on cortical interneurons. Dev Neurobiol. 2011 Jan 1;71(1):1.
  • Machold R, Klein C, Fishell G. Genes expressed in Atoh1 neuronal lineages arising from the r1/isthmus rhombic lip. Gene Expr Patterns. 2011 Jun-Jul;11(5-6):349-59. Epub 2011 Apr 2.
  • De Marco García NV, Karayannis T, Fishell G. Neuronal activity is required for the development of specific cortical interneuron subtypes. Nature. 2011 Apr 21;472(7343):351-5. Epub 2011 Apr 3.
  • Encinas JM, Michurina TV, Peunova N, Park JH, Tordo J, Peterson DA, Fishell G, Koulakov A, Enikolopov G. Division-coupled astrocytic differentiation and age-related depletion of neural stem cells in the adult hippocampus. Cell Stem Cell. 2011 May 6;8(5):566-79.
  • Picardo MA, Guigue P, Bonifazi P, Batista-Brito R, Allene C, Ribas A, Fishell G, Baude A, Cossart R. Pioneer GABA cells comprise a subpopulation of hub neurons in the developing hippocampus. Neuron. 2011 Aug 25;71(4):695-709.
  • Tuncdemir SN, Fishell G. Neural circuits look forward. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Sep 27;108(39):16137-8. Epub 2011 Sep 13.
  • Taniguchi H, He M, Wu P, Kim S, Paik R, Sugino K, Kvitsiani D, Fu Y, Lu J, Lin Y, Miyoshi G, Shima Y, Fishell G, Nelson SB, Huang ZJ. A resource of Cre driver lines for genetic targeting of GABAergic neurons in cerebral cortex. Neuron. 2011 Sep 22;71(6):995-1013. Epub 2011 Sep 21.
  • Lee DA, Bedont JL, Pak T, Wang H, Song J, Miranda-Angulo A, Takiar V, Charubhumi V, Balordi F, Takebayashi H, Aja S, Ford E, Fishell G, Blackshaw S. Tanycytes of the hypothalamic median eminence form a diet-responsive neurogenic niche. Nat Neurosci. 2012 Mar 25;15(5):700-2.
  • Allene C, Picardo MA, Becq H, Miyoshi G, Fishell G, Cossart R. Dynamic changes in interneuron morphophysiological properties mark the maturation of hippocampal network activity. J Neurosci. 2012 May 9;32(19):6688-98.
  • Miyoshi G, Fishell G. Dynamic FoxG1 expression coordinates the integration of multipolar pyramidal neuron precursors into the cortical plate. Neuron. 2012 Jun 21;74(6):1045-58.
  • Jaglin XH, Hjerling-Leffler J, Fishell G, Batista-Brito R. The origin of neocortical nitric oxide synthase-expressing inhibitory neurons. Front Neural Circuits. 2012 Jul 9;6:44.
  • Karayannis T, De Marco García NV, Fishell GJ. Functional adaptation of cortical interneurons to attenuated activity is subtype-specific. Front Neural Circuits. 2012 Sep 24;6:66.
  • Close J, Xu H, De Marco García N, Batista-Brito R, Rossignol E, Rudy B, Fishell G. Satb1 is an activity-modulated transcription factor required for the terminal differentiation and connectivity of medial ganglionic eminence-derived cortical interneurons. J Neurosci. 2012 Dec 5;32(49):17690-705.
  • Marissal T, Bonifazi P, Picardo MA, Nardou R, Petit LF, Baude A, Fishell GJ, Ben-Ari Y, Cossart R. Pioneer glutamatergic cells develop into morpho-functionally distinct population in the juvenile CA3 hippocampus. Nat Commun. 2012;3:1316.
  • van den Berghe V, Stappers E, Vandesande B, Dimidschstein J, Kroes R, Francis A, Conidi A, Lesage F, Dries R, Cazzola S, Berx G, Kessaris N, Vanderhaeghen P, van Ijcken W, Grosveld FG, Goossens S, Haigh JJ, Fishell G, Goffinet A, Aerts S, Huylebroeck D, Seuntjens E. Directed migration of cortical interneurons depends on the cell-autonomous action of Sip1. Neuron. 2013 Jan 9;77(1):70-82.
  • DeFelipe J, López-Cruz PL, Benavides-Piccione R, Bielza C, Larrañaga P, Anderson S, Burkhalter A, Cauli B, Fairén A, Feldmeyer D, Fishell G, Fitzpatrick D, Freund TF, González-Burgos G, Hestrin S, Hill S, Hof PR, Huang J, Jones EG, Kawaguchi Y, Kisvárday Z, Kubota Y, Lewis DA, Marín O, Markram H, McBain CJ, Meyer HS, Monyer H, Nelson SB, Rockland K, Rossier J, Rubenstein JL, Rudy B, Scanziani M, Shepherd GM, Sherwood CC, Staiger JF, Tamás G, Thomson A, Wang Y, Yuste R, Ascoli GA. New insights into the classification and nomenclature of cortical GABAergic interneurons. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2013 Mar;14(3):202-16. Epub 2013 Feb 6.
  • Fishell G. Hurricane Sandy: After the deluge. Nature. 2013 Apr 25;496(7446):421-2.
  • Rossignol E, Kruglikov I, van den Maagdenberg AM, Rudy B, Fishell G. CaV 2.1 ablation in cortical interneurons selectively impairs fast-spiking basket cells and causes generalized seizures. Ann Neurol. 2013 Aug;74(2):209-22. Epub 2013 Jul 1.
  • Cassataro D, Bergfeldt D, Malekian C, Van Snellenberg JX, Thanos PK, Fishell G, Sjulson L. Reverse pharmacogenetic modulation of the nucleus accumbens reduces ethanol consumption in a limited access paradigm. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2014 Jan;39(2):283-90. Epub 2013 Aug 1.
  • Owen SF, Tuncdemir SN, Bader PL, Tirko NN, Fishell G, Tsien RW. Oxytocin enhances hippocampal spike transmission by modulating fast-spiking interneurons. Nature. 2013 Aug 22;500(7463):458-62. Epub 2013 Aug 4.
  • Jaglin XH, Fishell G. A foot in the door: how the chromatin modifier Brg1 and Pax6 jointly potentiate adult neurogenesis. Cell Stem Cell. 2013 Oct 3;13(4):373-4.
  • Fishell G, Heintz N. The neuron identity problem: form meets function. Neuron. 2013 Oct 30;80(3):602-12.
  • Lee S, Kruglikov I, Huang ZJ, Fishell G, Rudy B.  A disinhibitory circuit mediates motor integration in the somatosensory cortex. Nat Neurosci. 2013 Nov;16(11):1662-70. Epub 2013 Oct 6.
  • Au E, Ahmed T, Karayannis T, Biswas S, Gan L, Fishell G. A modular gain-of-function approach to generate cortical interneuron subtypes from ES cells. Neuron. 2013 Dec 4;80(5):1145-58.
  • Tuncdemir SN, Fishell G, Batista-Brito R. miRNAs are essential for the Survival and Maturation of Cortical Interneurons. Cereb Cortex. 2014 Jan 22. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Fishell G, Tamás G. Inhibition: synapses, neurons and circuits. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2014 Jun;26:v-vii. Epub 2014 Apr 15.
  • Sakamoto M, Ieki N, Miyoshi G, Mochimaru D, Miyachi H, Imura T, Yamaguchi M, Fishell G, Mori K, Kageyama R, Imayoshi I. Continuous postnatal neurogenesis contributes to formation of the olfactory bulb neural circuits and flexible olfactory associative learning. J Neurosci. 2014 Apr 23;34(17):5788-99.
  • Kang W, Balordi F, Su N, Chen L, Fishell G, Hébert JM. Astrocyte activation is suppressed in both normal and injured brain by FGF signaling. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jul 22;111(29):E2987-95. Epub 2014 Jul 7.
  • Karayannis T, Au E, Patel JC, Kruglikov I, Markx S, Delorme R, Héron D, Salomon D, Glessner J, Restituito S, Gordon A, Rodriguez-Murillo L, Roy NC, Gogos JA, Rudy B, Rice ME, Karayiorgou M, Hakonarson H, Keren B, Huguet G, Bourgeron T, Hoeffer C, Tsien RW, Peles E, Fishell G. Cntnap4 differentially contributes to GABAergic and dopaminergic synaptic transmission. Nature. 2014 Jul 10;511(7508):236-40.
  • De Marco Garcia NV, Fishell G. Subtype-selective electroporation of cortical interneurons. J Vis Exp. 2014 Aug 18;(90):e51518.
  • Takada N, Pi HJ, Sousa VH, Waters J, Fishell G, Kepecs A, Osten P. A developmental cell-type switch in cortical interneurons leads to a selective defect in cortical oscillations. Nat Commun. 2014 Oct 30;5:5333.
  • De Marco García NV, Priya R, Tuncdemir SN, Fishell G, Karayannis T. Sensory inputs control the integration of neurogliaform interneurons into cortical circuits. Nat Neurosci. 2015 Mar;18(3):393-401. Epub 2015 Feb 9.


  • Fishell G, Blazeski R, Godement P, Rivas R, Wang LC, Mason CA. Optical microscopy. 3. Tracking fluorescently labeled neurons in developing brain. FASEB J. 1995 Mar;9(5):324-34.
  • Fishell G. Regionalization in the mammalian telencephalon. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 1997 Feb;7(1):62-9.
  • Gaiano N, Fishell G. Transplantation as a tool to study progenitors within the vertebrate nervous system. J Neurobiol. 1998 Aug;36(2):152-61.
  • Corbin JG, Nery S, Fishell G. Telencephalic cells take a tangent: non-radial migration in the mammalian forebrain. Nat Neurosci. 2001 Nov;4 Suppl:1177-82.
  • Machold RP, Fishell G. Hedgehog patterns midbrain ARChitecture. Trends Neurosci. 2002 Jan;25(1): 10-11.
  • Gaiano N, Fishell G. The role of notch in promoting glial and neural stem cell fates. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2002;25:471-90. Epub 2002 Mar 25.
  • Rallu M, Corbin JG, Fishell G. Parsing the prosencephalon. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2002 Dec;3(12):943-51.
  • Fishell G, Kriegstein AR. Neurons from radial glia: the consequences of asymmetric inheritance. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2003 Feb;13(1):34-41.
  • Klein C, Fishell G. Neural stem cells: progenitors or panacea? Dev Neurosci. 2004 Mar-Aug;26(2-4):82-92.
  • Fishell G, Kriegstein A. Cortical development: new concepts. Neuron. 2005 May 5;46(3):361-2.
  • Chambers D, Fishell G. Functional genomics of early cortex patterning. Genome Biol. 2006;7(1):202. Epub 2006 Jan 31.
  • Miyoshi G, Fishell G. Directing neuron-specific transgene expression in the mouse CNS. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2006 Oct;16(5):577-84. Epub 2006 Sep 12.
  • Fuccillo M, Joyner AL, Fishell G. Morphogen to mitogen: the multiple roles of hedgehog signalling in vertebrate neural development. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2006 Oct;7(10):772-83.
  • Fishell G. Perspectives on the developmental origins of cortical interneuron diversity. Novartis Found Symp. 2007;288:21-35; discussion 35-44, 96-8.
  • Fishell G, Hanashima C. Pyramidal neurons grow up and change their mind. Neuron. 2008 Feb 7;57(3):333-8.
  • The Petilla Interneuron Nomenclature Group. Petilla terminology: nomenclature of features of GABAergic interneurons of the cerebral cortex. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2008 Jul;9(7):557-68.
  • Hebért JM, Fishell G. The genetics of early telencephalic patterning: some assembly required. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2008 Sep;9(9):678-85.
  • Batista-Brito R, Fishell G. The developmental integration of cortical interneurons into a functional network. Curr Top Dev Biol. 2009;87:81-118.
  • Sousa VH, Fishell G. Sonic hedgehog functions through dynamic changes in temporal competence in the developing forebrain. Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2010 Aug;20(4):391-9. Epub 2010 May 11.
  • Rudy B, Fishell G, Lee S, Hjerling-Leffler J. Three groups of interneurons account for nearly 100% of neocortical GABAergic neurons. Dev Neurobiol. 2011 Jan 1;71(1):45-61.
  • Fishell G, Rudy B. Mechanisms of inhibition within the telencephalon:” where the wild things are”. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2011;34:535-67.
  • Kepecs A, Fishell G. Interneuron cell types are fit to function. Nature. 2014 Jan 16;505(7483):318-26.


  • van der Kooy D, Fishell G, Krushel L, Johnston J. The Development of Striatal Compartments: from Proliferation to Patches. Basal Ganglia-Structure and Function, ed MB Carpenter and R Jayaraman. New York: Plenum Press. 1987; 81-98.
  • Johnston JG, Fishell G, Krushel LA, van der Kooy D. The Development of Striatal Compartmentalization: The Role of Mitotic and Postmitotic Events. Basal Ganglia-Structure and Function, ed MBCAR. Jayaraman. Vol. 2. New York: Plenum. 1990; 34-56.
  • Hatten ME, Fishell G, Stitt TN, Mason CA. Astroglia as a Scaffold for Development of the CNS. Seminars in the Neurosciences, ed RMAK Jessen Vol. 2. New York WB Saunders. 1990; 455-465.
  • Gao W-Q, Fishell G, Kuhar S, Feng L, Heintz M, Hatten ME. Control of Granule Cell Neurogenesis and Migration in Developing Cerebellar Cortex. Cell-Cell Signaling in Vertebrate Development. ed E Robertson New York: Academic Press. 1993; 9-31.
  • Fishell G. Community Living in Forebrain: Neural Precursors Modify their Regional Specificity after Heterotopic Transplantation within the Telencephalon. Neural Cell Specification: åmolecular mechanisms and neurotherapeutic implications; eds K Juurlink BHJ., PH Kulyk, WM, VMK Verge and RJ Doucette New York and London: Plenum Press 1995; 189-194.